By Jaap M J den Toonder; Patrick R Onck
Content material: bankruptcy 1: creation; part: Theoretical and numerical descriptions of synthetic Cilia; bankruptcy 2: Numerical modeling for synthetic cilia; bankruptcy three: Computational layout of magnetic synthetic cilia; bankruptcy four: Modeling the interplay of energetic cilia with species in resolution: from chemical reagents to microscopic debris; bankruptcy five: Electrostatic synthetic cilia; bankruptcy 6: Ferromagnetic cilia; bankruptcy 7: gentle actuated synthetic cilia according to liquid crystal networks; bankruptcy eight: Hydrogel-Actuated built-in Responsive platforms (HAIRS): developing Cilia-like 'Hairy' Surfaces; bankruptcy nine: Microwalkers - Charles Singh and Alfredo Alexander-Katz; bankruptcy 10: man made flagellar microswimmers; part: the opportunity of synthetic cilia: experimental proof; bankruptcy eleven: Fluid manipulation via man made cilia; bankruptcy 12: dimension of Fluid stream Generated via synthetic Cilia
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Extra resources for Artificial cilia
51 So, each bead experiences stretching and bending forces and additional forces due to the actuation of the ﬁlament. 1 illustrates the geometry. 24 In the following we describe the model in detail. We ﬁrst explain how we couple the bead-spring chain to the viscous ﬂuid. 1 Method of Mobilities At low Reynolds number ﬂuid inertia can be neglected on time scales larger than the time t ¼ d 2 =ð6Z=rÞ ﬂuid momentum needs to diﬀuse a characteristic distance d, where we have introduced the viscosity Z and the mass density r of the ﬂuid.
N. Khaderi, J. M. J. den Toonder and P. R. Onck, J. , 2011, 688, 44. 47. S. N. Khaderi, J. M. J. den Toonder and P. R. Onck, Biomicroﬂuidics, 2012, 6, 014106. 48. C. L. van Oosten, C. W. M. Bastiaansen and D. J. , 2009, 8, 677. 49. A. Bhattacharya, G. A. Buxton, O. B. Usta and A. C. Balazs, Langmuir, 2012, 28, 3217. 1039/9781849737098-00017 Numerical Model for Artiﬁcial Cilia 37 50. R. Ghosh, G. A. Buxton, O. B. Usta, A. C. Balazs and A. Alexeev, Langmuir, 2010, 26, 2963. 51. O. Kratky and G. Porod, Recl.
5 In addition, the motion of the ﬁlament in positive and negative y direction has to be asymmetric. 2. During the transport stroke with duration tl, the ﬁlament rotates slowly about its anchoring point following the magnetic ﬁeld. Due to the small frictional forces the ﬁlament hardly bends. To complement the beating cycle by the fast recovery stroke, the ﬁeld direction quickly rotates in the reverse direction during the smaller time intervall ts and the ﬁlament bends due to increased hydrodynamic friction.
Artificial cilia by Jaap M J den Toonder; Patrick R Onck