New PDF release: Ancient Religions, Modern Politics: The Islamic Case in

By Michael Cook

ISBN-10: 1400850274

ISBN-13: 9781400850273

Why does Islam play a bigger function in modern politics than different religions? Is there anything in regards to the Islamic history that makes Muslims much more likely than adherents of alternative faiths to invoke it of their political lifestyles? if that is so, what's it? historic Religions, sleek Politics seeks to reply to those questions via analyzing the jobs of Islam, Hinduism, and Christianity in glossy political lifestyles, putting particular emphasis at the relevance—or irrelevance—of their heritages to today’s social and political concerns.

Michael prepare dinner takes an in-depth, comparative examine political id, social values, attitudes to war, perspectives concerning the function of faith in a variety of cultural domain names, and conceptions of the polity. In some of these fields he unearths that the Islamic history deals richer assets for these engaged in present politics than both the Hindu or the Christian heritages. He makes use of this discovering to provide an explanation for the truth that, regardless of the lifestyles of Hindu and Christian opposite numbers to a few facets of Islamism, the phenomenon as an entire is exclusive on the earth at the present time. The ebook additionally indicates that fundamentalism—in the feel of a selection to come to the unique assets of the religion—is politically extra adaptive for Muslims than it's for Hindus or Christians.

A sweeping comparative research through one of many world’s best students of premodern Islam, historical Religions, sleek Politics sheds very important gentle at the dating among the foundational texts of those 3 nice spiritual traditions and the politics in their fans at the present time.

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Advancing as far as the oasis of Tabuq, some five hundred miles north of Medina, Muhammad camped there for twenty days, during which time he negotiated a peace treaty with the Christian prince of Aylah (the biblical Eilat), at the northern tip of the Gulf of Aqaba. In return for an oath of allegiance and an annual tribute, the Christians were placed under the protection of the umma and granted freedom of worship. At this point Muhammad decided to return to Medina, having apparently realized the impracticability of his Byzantine ambitions.

The celebrated battle of Qadisiyya (637), which broke the backbone of the Iranian Empire, involved between six and twelve thousand fighters, while the number of Arab fighters active in southern Iraq was estimated at between two and four thousand men. There is no evidence of whole tribes migrating into the Fertile Crescent during this period, or of the poorer segments of Arabian society, the natural candidates for migration, accompanying the invading forces, or of warriors taking their own families and herds with them (apart from a few isolated cases).

This nepotism earned the new caliph hostility from all quarters. The Medinese elite resented its growing marginalization in the running of the empire, while the provincial leadership was incensed by Uthman’s efforts to increase the central government’s share in the distribution of local revenues, most of which had hitherto been retained in the provinces. These grievances were further exacerbated by the temporary halt of the conquests in the early 650s and the attendant reduction in the spoils of war on the one hand, and the continued influx of Arab colonists into the provinces on the other, which further strained their economic and financial resources.

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Ancient Religions, Modern Politics: The Islamic Case in Comparative Perspective by Michael Cook

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