By Ze'ev Maghen
Islam prides itself on being “the faith of facility”. Muslim resources are unanimous in assigning to Judaism the position of counterweight during this regard, saying it a procedure of “burdens and shackles” in which the Jews “oppressed their souls”. This neat polarity either fueled, and used to be the made of, a desirable reciprocal method: whilst that sharî'a used to be being created within the detrimental snapshot of halakha, halakha used to be being retroactively re-imagined through Muslim jurists and exegetes because the antipode of sharî'a . even though scholarly experiences of the intertexture of Islam and Judaism abound, few have touched upon the Muslim tradition’s belief and usage of Jewish legislation, and none has performed so extensive. This ebook goals to fill that lacuna and extra our figuring out of the age-old include and grapple among the 2 faiths.
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Extra resources for After Hardship Cometh Ease: The Jews as Backdrop for Muslim Moderation
2:185). 2 6 " G o d the Exalted did not send me to sow difficulties or cause vexation," testified the Prophet. " 2 7 Because, in the final analysis, "Allah imposes ligious and political authorities who resist the enforcement of the strict letter of the law on many occasions. 26 The former declaration is appended to the permission afforded those sick or traveling to perform ablutions with sand when water is unavailable; the latter statement follows the clause allowing those sick or traveling to make up missed Ramadan fast days on an equivalent number of alternate days (a substitution somewhat reminiscent of the right, granted by the Pentateuch to those "defiled by a corpse or on a long journey," to observe a "second P a s s o v e r " [ N u m b e r s , 9:6-8]).
73:1-3, such that it represents the end of a process. Since Q . 17: 79 is directly preceded by, and connected to, one of the launchverses for the establishment of awqät al-salät (the times for the prescribed daytime prayers), we can therefore understand the determination of al-Mäwardl (and many other jurists) that "the first [prayer service] imposed by God on his Prophet was the night vigil" (awwal mä farada Allähu 'alä nabiyihi qiyäm allayl - Abü'l-Hasan 'All b. Muhammad b. Hablb al-Mäwardl, Al-Häwi alKabir [Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1994], 2:4.
8:65-6, according to which (in al-Shäfi'1's words) "God made it clear in His book that He had relieved the Muslims of the obligation to fight the unbelievers in the ratio of one against ten, and had imposed upon them [instead] the obligation to fight only in a ratio of one against two," see Burton, Sources, 27, and Christopher Melchert, "The Hanball law of Gihäd," The Maghreb Review 29 (2004), 26-7. " - was revealed, Muhammad called for his secretary Zayd b. Thäbit and began dictating it to him.
After Hardship Cometh Ease: The Jews as Backdrop for Muslim Moderation by Ze'ev Maghen