By Saskia Sassen
This groundbreaking examine makes a speciality of the value of position, scale, and kingdom to the examine of globalization. Sassen identifies units of methods that make up globalization: the 1st and as a rule studied set of strategies is international associations, from the international exchange association to the struggle Crime Tribunals; the moment and no more usually explored set of techniques take place on the nationwide and neighborhood point, together with kingdom financial coverage, small-scale activism that has an particular or implicit worldwide time table, and native politics. Emphasizing the interaction among worldwide and native phenomena, Sassen insightfully examines new types and stipulations comparable to worldwide towns, transnational groups, and commodity chains. This detailed method of globalization bargains new interpretive and analytic instruments to appreciate the complexity of world interdependence. Sociology of Globalization is half of the modern Societies sequence.
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Additional info for A Sociology of Globalization (Contemporary Societies Series)
The class, which has the means of material production at its disposal, has control at the same time over the means of mental production, so that thereby, generally speaking, the ideas of those who lack the means of mental production are subject to it. The ruling ideas are nothing more than the ideal expression of the dominant material relationships, the dominant material relationships grasped as ideas. (Marx and Engels 1970, 64) Accordingly, Marx and Engels note in The Manifesto of the Communist Party that “property,” “freedom,” “culture,” and “law” are only shaped by bourgeois-centrism, writing, “Your very ideas are but the outgrowth of the conditions of your bourgeois production and bourgeois property” (Marx and Engels 1978, 486).
Europocentrism” is defined as “the idea or practice of placing Europe at the centre of one’s worldview” (The Oxford English Dictionary, vol. 5, 1989, 442). In this sense, Eurocentrism seems to be a composite of the words Europe and ethnocentrism. However, in this book, I will generally use the term “Western-centrism” instead of “Eurocentrism,” since I am more interested in the current state of affairs than the historical origin and evolution of Eurocentrism. “Western-centrism” explicitly includes the United States, Canada, Australia, and the like, which have inherited and developed European civilization in non-European territories.
Thus, the center creates the periphery and works as the universal reference point for defining and judging the periphery. These three attributes may be identified in the center-periphery relationship in all kinds of centrism, including Sinocentrism, male-centrism, white-centrism, bourgeois-centrism, as well as Western-centrism. Thus, Western-centrism will be examined in terms of these three attributes, with considerable attention paid to other kinds of centrism, in order to justify the validity of my examination of Western-centrism this way.
A Sociology of Globalization (Contemporary Societies Series) by Saskia Sassen