By Dawn-Marie Gibson
The unencumber of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's wide archive of surveillance documents, interviews, and firsthand bills has made it attainable to bare the reality at the back of the myths and misperceptions concerning the country of Islam. This finished source catalogues the days, areas, and folks that formed the philosophies from its youth via to its current incarnation.
The definitive resource at the topic, A background of The country of Islam: Race, Islam, and the search for Freedom attracts on over a dozen interviews, besides archival and rarely-used assets. The publication departs from the standard "Malcolm X-centric" remedy of the topic, and as an alternative examines the early management of Fard Muhammad, demanding situations traditional perspectives on Malcolm X, and explores the current day inner politics of the flow submit Louis Farrakhan's retirement.
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Extra info for A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom
Rutherford, then leader of the Jehovah’s Witnesses and the literature of Freemasonry. Beynon, for example, records that Fard instructed his followers to purchase Rutherford’s writings. Further, William A. Maesen notes that there are several aspects of Rutherford’s philosophy that Fard’s NOI shared including their belief in the battle of Armageddon and the nonimmortality of souls. 14 The peddler taught his early listeners that both heaven and hell were conditions on earth and that the latter would ensnare whites who rejected Islam.
No one called him prophet before me. First I thought that we should call him master; later I thought that we should call him prophet, and later I told them that he [was] neither of either one; I said that we should call him the “Almighty God” himself in person because according to what he has taught us, that must be the work of God and not of a human being. Then I took it with him, but, although he did not tell me exactly, but he did mention that I will find out who he was. 8 Those converts who endorsed Elijah’s succession bid readily financed his short proselytizing missions in nearby cities while also providing funds to care for his wife, Clara, and their young children, all of whom remained in Detroit.
For those who continued to support Muhammad as the rightful and legitimate leader of the NOI, his imprisonment was construed as evidence of his sincerity. Essien-Udom, for example, notes, “That he has been imprisoned is an integral part of the Messenger’s charisma, enabling him to liken himself to the persecuted prophets of the past. ”21 REBUILDING THE NATION The NOI had almost ceased to exist when Muhammad was released from prison in 1946. Muhammad emerged from prison with a fresh determination to rebuild the group and establish its economic base.
A History of the Nation of Islam: Race, Islam, and the Quest for Freedom by Dawn-Marie Gibson