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By John Stainer (editor), William Barrett (editor)

ISBN-10: 0511693001

ISBN-13: 9780511693007

ISBN-10: 1108000916

ISBN-13: 9781108000918

This illustrated dictionary, written via the prolific Victorian composer Sir John Stainer (1840-1901) - most sensible remembered at the present time for his oratorio The Crucifixion - and W. A. Barrett, was once first released through Novello in 1876. It offers definitions for 'the leader musical phrases met with in medical, theoretical, and functional treatises, and within the extra universal annotated programmes and newspaper criticisms', starting from brief factors of the Italian phrases for tempi, via descriptions of historic tools to expansive articles on such issues as acoustics, copyright, hymn tunes, the larynx and temperament. That it to that end ran to a number of extra variants means that it supplied welcome counsel for the concert-going public within the 19th century.

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Lit. ) (i) A term which is used to counter-order a previous direction to play an octave higher or lower. (2) A direction to a violinist to return from a shift to his previous position. ) To prolong the stroke of the bow. ) At the octave, a direction to play an octave higher, or lower, than is written. ) In unison or octaves. Alphorn. Alpine horn. A long tube of fir-wood played by the herdsmen of the Alps. It has the same natural series of sounds as a trumpet, but does not possess any means of reducing the tenth harmonic to the ordinary pitch of our scale.

Arghool. A simply constructed wind instrument, now used in Egypt. It is made of common cane, and is played by mouth-pieces containing reeds. There are two species of arghool; the first (Fig. i) consists of two tubes both pierced with holes, so that the performer may play in thirds and sixths ; the second (Fig. 2) consists also of two tubes, but one only is pierced with holes, the other being longer and used as a drone. The pitch of the drone can be altered by the addition of extra pieces, which are attached to the instrument, as are also the mouth-pieces, by waxed thread.

2. CC Free - dom, tbou greatest bles - sing. ) An air, tune, song, or melody in rhythmical proportion, now understood to mean a movement for a single voice or instrument, with an accompaniment. ) A song of difficult execution, requiring great skill in its proper and satisfactory performance. ) A song with some degree of humour in the words, or in the treatment of the music. ) An air in a graceful, flowing style, capable of much musical expression. ) An air in the concert style, that is a melody for a single voice, accompanied by instruments having obbligato or solo passages assigned to them.

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A Dictionary of Musical Terms by John Stainer (editor), William Barrett (editor)

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